The SADC Protocol on Gender and Development adopted in 2008 did not have targets and provisions for gender and climate change. The cross-cutting effects of climate change on economic justice, gender based violence, sexual reproductive health and rights, peace and security led to the Alliance pressing for inclusion of specific targets on gender and climate change in the main text of the Protocol.
Some key points
- The SADC region, and women in particular, are likely to pay a high price for climate change. During the period under review, the region experienced the severe effects of the El Niño phenomenon that had a devastating effect on food security in the region.
- At 24%, the proportion of SADC women in climate change decision-making positions remains well below target. Only Lesotho, at 50%, has achieved gender parity for women in decisionmaking.
- Mauritius and Seychelles have reached 100% electricity coverage while Malawi has only reached 9%. Mauritius has achieved 100% supply of clean water for its population. Angola is lowest at 49% supply