Sports

Woman referree breaks barriers_The Post Newspaper_2 April 2015_

Woman referree breaks barriers_The Post Newspaper_2 April 2015_

Name of article/story: Woman referee breaks barriers Name of Publication/Radio/Television station: The Post Newspaper Date: 2 April 2015 Country: Lesotho Theme: General Genre: News GEM classification: Gender-aware Description: Woman referee breaks barriers, is a story about a local sportswoman who successfully earned a career in football coaching and refereeing through hard work, perseverance and determination. […]

Sexist comments take tennis to dark ages

Sexism is still alive in sport and continues to set women and men apart. Sexist comments made by Raymond Moore a tennis executive took the sport “back to the dark ages” after making disparaging comments about women in tennis. Read more.

La tendance fitness s’accelere_Le Defi Quotidien_28 April 2015

La tendance fitness s’accelere_Le Defi Quotidien_28 April 2015

Name of article: La tendance fitness s’accelere Name of publication: Le Defi Quotidien Date: 28 April 2015 Country: Mauritius Theme: Arts GEM Classification: Blatant Stereotype Genre: News Skill: Language This article makes clear mention about the trend of Zumba and aerobic dance in Mauritius. Vivid picture of women rehearsing in dance classes comes with this […]

“Morcellement St Andre: Le Village Council se dote d’gymnase”_L’Express_27 April

“Morcellement St Andre: Le Village Council se dote d’gymnase”_L’Express_27 April

 Name of article “Morcellement St Andre: Le Village Council se dote d’gymnase” Name of publication: L’Express Date: 27 April country: Mauritius Theme: Sports Genre: News GEM Classification: Blatant Stereotype Skill: Language The article provides insight about a gymnasium/ sports complex that has been inaugurated on at Morcellement St Andre village. The President of the Village […]

“Uma bola, uma Xiluva” para as meninas_Magazine Independente_14 April 2015

“Uma bola, uma Xiluva” para as meninas_Magazine Independente_14 April 2015

Name of article: “Uma bola, uma Xiluva” para as meninas Name of Publication: Magazine Independente Date: 14 April 2015 Country: Mozambique Theme: Sports Skills: Language Genre: News GEM classification: Gender Awareness Analysis This article highlighted the following: The article gives credit to women and only focus on the feminine gender without the participation of a […]

Faratatiana Razanabahoaka, championne du monde junior de kick boxing, s’inspire de Mike Tyson

Faratatiana Razanabahoaka, championne du monde junior de kick boxing, s’inspire de Mike Tyson

A voir l’arrivée triomphante de la délégation malgache de kick boxing de retour des championnats du monde de kick boxing Á  Rimini en Italie, on peut vraiment dire que Madagascar est bercé par les exploits sportifs de deux jeunes combattants, Á  savoir Justin Zafy Mariamo dit Lavakely et Faratiana Razanabahoaka, devenus champions du monde respectivement chez les cadets +47kg kick light et chez les juniors filles +52kg low kick. Après le titre obtenu par Madagascar au Masters de pétanque et ces deux titres de champions du monde en kick boxing, on peut dire que le mois de septembre a vraiment été une bénédiction pour le sport malgache.

Coupe du Monde de football : Les médias audiovisuels congolais ont aligné des femmes

Coupe du Monde de football : Les médias audiovisuels congolais ont aligné des femmes

Kinshasa, 15 juillet: Le sport et plus particulièrement le football, a pris une place de choix dans la programmation des chaînes de télévision et des stations de radio de la République Démocratique du Congo et ce, depuis le début de la Coupe du Monde au Brésil. Avec un nombre total de matches Á  retransmettre en direct ou en différé, il fallait bien s’y attendre. Dans cette programmation spéciale, il était intéressant pour moi, en tant qu’activiste du genre, de voir comment les médias congolais se comportaient vis-Á -vis de la parité. Sans avoir été rivée devant mon petit écran pour suivre tous les matchs, j’ai effectué un mini monitorage en suivant la programmation des trois grandes chaines comme la RTNC, Digital Congo et Antenne A. Lors du décompte final, tout indiquait que dans l’alignement des animateurs de ces tranches sportives, le genre a bel et bien été considéré.

September 16, 2014 Themes: Gender equality | Media | Sports Programs: GEM Classification | Gender Aware

Sport and development in South African Women’s Football : the reciprocal effects of socialization

Socialisation is an interactive reciprocal process that shapes the way individuals think, act and make decisions. Through the sport socialisation process, over time individuals acquire beliefs and behaviours that affect other areas of their life, including education, family relations and peer interactions. Socialisation affects the lives of the participant’s significant others and socialising agents, who demonstrate changes in the way they view women’s football, interact with the player and assist with domestic duties. These processes occur in the public and private spheres and are closely associated with cultural perspectives of masculine and feminine gender identity construction. Four theories underpin the research, namely figurational theory, critical feminism, interactionism and cognitive development theory. This thesis examines the effects of female football participation in family dynamics, school and community relations, as well as individual identity formation and the challenges and benefits related to participation. For this comprehensive case study approach mixed methods were used (i.e. interviews, focus groups and questionnaires). The study focused on 21 cases of female football players in two South African locations, Johannesburg and Cape Town. Interviews were conducted with 21 players that played in leagues organised by the South African Football Association. In each location there was a senior team that played in the provincial leagues and an under-15 team that played in the regional leagues. Interviews were conducted with 48 significant others (individuals who influence the self-esteem, emotions and behaviour of a person, including mothers, fathers, siblings, aunts, uncles, cousins and grandparents), four coaches, seven administrators, and eleven school representatives. Focus groups took place at four schools in each location in which 258 students participated. Questionnaires were conducted in the communities around each of the selected schools, incorporating the perspectives of 169 respondents. The data was analysed with the assistance of Atlas.ti 6.2 and SPSS 20. Football in South Africa occurs within a context of poverty with the legacy of apartheid remaining in terms of limited access to resources, poor provision of sports facilities, unemployment, fragmented families, and lack of educational opportunities. These factors continued to affect the prospects of sport participation. Understanding hegemonic masculinity as the dominant ideology in the townships provides a background to analyse how men control the limited physical resources and public sport spaces, requiring girls to gain access through a male proxy or gatekeeper. Once females acquire access they are able to gain acceptable and legitimacy through demonstrating their competencies and success in competitions. Socialisation through sport occurs as girls are occupied in safe, controlled spaces with adult supervision rather than become involved in deviant behaviours. In these settings female footballers acquired positive behaviours and improved attributes such as time management, discipline, respect and self-efficacy. Their participation resulted in a reduction of social distance between them and their teacher-coaches, which improved the learning climate fostering trusting relationships. As the girls were socialised into football, some adopted masculine behaviours and appearance. In some cases tomboy behaviour merged into homosexuality (lesbianism) with the rejection of feminine role identification of ‘mother’ and ‘wife’. The team in the Cape Town setting openly promoted heterosexuality compared to the team in Johannesburg, where coach and players were accepting and receptive towards players who expressed a variety of sexualities. This resulted in four individuals identifying as lesbian or bisexual within the research participants. The responses by their family members were complex and varied. Siblings encouraged the acceptability for other family members, whereas fathers were absent or oblivious and mothers were highly critical based on their religious and cultural traditions. Mothers experienced failure of not socialising their daughters into the social role that is perceived to encapsulate womanhood (as wife and mother). Perceptions regarding women’s football are changing in the public discourse to become more supportive. This is informed by a democratic South African consciousness and human justice framework that encourages greater acceptance of women’s roles in positions of power. Increased resource allocation through sponsorships and government programmes affords additional opportunities for female participation as well as encouragement for participants. Recommendations emerging from this thesis are useful to maintain the growth and support of women’s football. Structural adjustments are necessary within South African football in terms of increasing the amount of leagues and tournaments available for women and girls, leadership opportunities and long-term athlete development plans. Changes in practices that are vital to women’s football include equality of resource allocation, stakeholder engagement and media exposure. These changes require government and SAFA support to materialise, as well as continued alterations in individual, family and community attitudes, behaviours and practices. As women’s football in South African continues to grow and develop the opportunities for forthcoming research are plentiful. Utilising a mixed method comprehensive case study approach, becoming intimately involved in the research context, and providing opportunities for local voices to be heard can meaningfully inform future policies and practices.

My story. Stories of change: Children’s voices on the Sports for Good Pilot

Sport has the power to appeal to a cross section of people and has been used over the decades as a tool to foster greater social cohesion. The Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund has been interested in harnessing this power to ensure the wellbeing of children and youth. The Fund has invested in the use of sport as a tool for development through the Sport for Good pilot project. Evidence suggests that positive changes have taken place in the lives of the children taking part. The children were asked to write their stories of change.

January 27, 2014 Themes: Children | Sports | Youth Programs: Booklet | Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC)

Trends in gender norms in South African sport and ramifications for the state of women’s football

This thesis provides a gendered analysis of the role of football in the development of girls
and women in South Africa. Through analysis of South African society on a whole, and the
inclusion of women in football and sport development in particular, this thesis aims to understand
the effects that sport involvement has on women, and how these effects are related to prevailing
gender norms and gender relations in the country. The thesis explores the role of women in football
and the extent to which gender norms influence women’s participation in the sport. It also analyses
patterns of gender inclusion and exclusion in the sport development field. The aim of the study is to
contribute to the existing À“ albeit limited À“research on women’s football in South Africa. The thesis
focuses on women of all racial and ethnical backgrounds in South Africa, primarily aged 17 and up,
that are involved in football.
The empirical data presented was gathered around four main focal points: the challenges,
improvements, limitations and experiences of women footballers. These four themes were chosen in
an effort to present an overall picture of the process and the involvement of women in football, in
addition to shedding light on the trends in norms that determine female participation in sport.
Findings indicate that girls and women face challenges varying from gaining access to funding
resources to partake in sport, to negative portrayals of female athletes in the media. Improvements
in women’s football were seen as ways in which girls and women’s participation in football was
accepted and encouraged by society, and how the bodies of girls and women in sport were
perceived. Limitations were measured as factors influencing the participation of girls and women in
sport, such as their role as secondary citizens in society and as primary caretakers. Finally, the
experiences of girls and women in sport were investigated.
Further research must be carried out regarding the trends of involvement of girls and women
in football in South Africa. That would be in addition to research on the positive physical effects of
sport on the body, which increases self-esteem, and sense of body ownership. There is also a need
to gain understanding of the ways in which the involvement of girls and women in sport changes
societal perceptions of gender.