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Adopted in 2008, the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development is a unique sub-regional instrument that brings together African and global goals on gender equality and enhances these through targets and timeframes (unlike the 22 others SADC Protocols). Initially aligned to the Millennium development Goals that expired in 2015, the Gender Protocol comprised 28 targets that went well beyond the minimum requirements of MDG 3.
Although Botswana and Mauritius have not signed the Protocol, it became enforceable in September 2012 after getting nine ratifications (over two thirds of the 13 signatories). The SADC Gender Protocol encompasses ten thematic areas which include Constitutional and Legal Rights; Governance (Representation and Participation); Education and Training; Productive Resources and Employment, Economic Empowerment; Gender Based Violence; Health; HIV and AIDS; Peace Building and Conflict Resolution; Media, Information and Communication; Implementation with the over- arching objective of 50/50 parity by 2015
In 2013, the Southern African Gender Protocol Alliance mounted a concerted campaign for the region to stay abreast of global trends by reviewing the Protocol and aligning it to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s). At their annual meeting in Lilongwe in 2014, gender ministers agreed to review the Protocol and a year later in 2015 the ministers agreed that the Protocol should be aligned to the Post -2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Beijing Plus Twenty Review, and the Africa Agenda 2063. They also agreed that it should be accompanied by a strong Monitoring, Evaluation and Results Framework. In June 2016 SADC Gender Ministers adopted the updated SADC Gender Protocol. Read the press release on the Post-2015 SADC Gender Protocol. View the table analysing the losses and gains.