Zimbabwe Barometer 2013: Chapter 5 Gender based violence

Date: December 9, 2013
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  • On average, Zimbabweans scored their government 72% of where they need to be by 2015 in terms of meeting targets related to gender violence. This is up five percentage points from a score of 67% in 2012.
  • The prevalence of all forms of violence against women, especially physical and sexual violence, continues to be high despite the country’s relatively strong GBV legal framework.
  • Zimbabwe is one of the six SADC countries, which now has a baseline that provides data on the extent, response, support, and prevention of Violence Against Women (VAW).
  • The research found that 68% of the 3326 women interviewed had experienced some form of gender-based violence (GBV) in their lifetime while 46% of the 3274 men interviewed said they had perpetrated some form of violence in their lifetime.
  • The most predominant form of GBV experienced by women and perpetrated by men occurs within intimate partnerships. About 90% of the women interviewed experienced intimate partner violence (IPV), while 73% of the men admitted to perpetrating this form of violence.
  • Sexual violence against women and girls is a major focus on the government. On November 1, the country launched the National Campaign against Rape and Sexual Abuse of Children.
  • Government’s financial resource allocation to GBV prevention, response and services is low which affects negatively on the implementation of the law. – In the first nine months of 2012 (January-October), more than 720 new Domestic Violence Act cases were lodged with the courts each month.
  • GBV and VAW campaigns do not reach the majority of the population. Only 10% of the 6,600 women and men interviewed in the first GBV Baseline study knew about the 16 Days of Activism Campaign.

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