Land

Shylette Dzivai – Zimbabwe

Shylette Dzivai – Zimbabwe

My initial experience with GL was at the Training of Trainers at Crowne Plaza. There I met the executive director, Colleen Lowe Morna. I was amazed that she can speak Shona eloquently. I came to understand how Gender Links operates, and what it is aiming to achieve. To me, it was an eye opener; I began to see things differently. We were awarded with certificates as Drivers of Change. I was also interested in the issue of climate change, and we immediately ran ahead with that area of work. Subsequent meetings with Gender Links were in the form of the COE workshops we held with the organisation in 2012.

Holistic management: land and livestock management

A documentary on land management

April 13, 2015 Themes: Agriculture | Land Programs: DVD/VHS | Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC)

RDC : les maraîchères du site agricole de Kingabwa retrouvent leur domaine avec soulagement

RDC : les maraîchères du site agricole de Kingabwa retrouvent leur domaine avec soulagement

Les maraîchères du site agricole de Kingabwa ont poussé un ouf de soulagement ! Après une victoire gagnée Á  l’issue de sept ans de lutte acharnée contre Mukonzo Mutuza, elles ont pu reconquérir le domaine communément appelé Ngwele dans la commune de Limete Á  l’Est de Kinshasa, capitale de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). Les maraîchers et autres riziculteurs, anciens occupants de ce lieu, vont désormais s’y réinstaller pour y exercer leurs activités agricoles comme c’était le cas auparavant.

African Journal on Conflict Resolution

Articles include: Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath and formal and informal land tenure systems in Afar region of Ethiopia – perceptions, attitudes and implications for land use disputes.

Other articles include the Nigerian State as an equilibrium of violence: An explanation of the Boko Haram insurgency in Northern Nigeria and Emmanuel Ikechi Onah’s article on Pastoral conflict in Kenya and transforming mimetic violence to mimetic blessings between Turkana and Pokot communities and Ryan Triche – Terrorism and governance crisis: The Boko Haram experience in Nigeria as well as a book review on Towards an African Peace and Security regime.

Towards egalitarian inheritance rights in Botswana: the case of Tlokweng

This paper explores the extent to which recent social, economic, demographic and environmental changes in Botswana have enabled women to inherit land, housing and other household assets. Using qualitative data from a study undertaken in the peri-urban village of Tlokweng, the paper notes that, unlike in the past when women were largely excluded from property inheritance, the majority of parents who participated in the study on which this paper is based are now more inclined and willing to share their estate equally among all their children or to favour daughters over sons in deciding who should inherit residential properties. The changes, which are heavily contested by older women, young men and teenage boys, appear to have been due primarily to increased numbers of female heads of households and the role played by unmarried daughters in developing the family estate and caring for the aging parents.

Africa in fact: On the fence

Africa’s peace and prosperity depends on enabling citizens to own, legally defend and trade their property. This issue looks at property rights and land issues in Cote d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe and South Africa amongst others.

January 14, 2015 Themes: Land Programs: Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC) | Journal

Arise – A women’s development magazine: Women and natural resource management

This issue of the Arise Magazine is themed “Women and Natural Resource Management.À Women clearly outdo men in terms of their involvement in use, management and conservation of natural resources, yet they face categorical exclusion and are denied equal sharing of access to, and benefits from natural resources. This is caused by a number of factors like un-equal power relations, and the patriarchal nature of our society that demeans and belittles women.

Consequently, in order to promote a participatory culture in the use, management and conservation of natural resources like land, livestock, agriculture, oil, fisheries and forests, this Issue recommends that policy makers, planners and development workers have a better understanding of the relative and often shifting roles of men and women in natural resource management, including division of labour, access to resources, decision-making and traditional knowledge and practices.

The magazine also includes sector- specific recommendations that delineate women’s roles in natural resource management.

These are some highlights of what’s contained in the issue: Undue Influence from a Rotten Institution: Corruption in Natural Resource Management; Will Ugandan Women Benefit from Oil? Lessons from
Ghana and Women and Men in Agriculture: Closing the Gender Gap.

Moçambique: Mulheres com menos acesso Á  Terra

Moçambique: Mulheres com menos acesso Á  Terra

Maputo, 15 de Novembro: Moçambique adoptou um quadro legal sobre uso e aproveitamento da terra, que permite que mulheres e homens possam gozar desse direito, mesmo sendo a terra uma pertença do Estado, de acordo com a Constituição da República.

Access to Land Securing a Livelihood and Gender Role Renegotiation: A Case Study of Widows in Northern Uganda

This paper focuses on a group of widows situated in villages around a disbanded internal displacement camp in northern Uganda and how their actions and attitudes towards their subsuming traditionally male roles while intensifying their own genderÀŸs roles has been helpful in their ability to participate in livelihood activities. The women at the heart of this study were married prior to the conflictÀŸs escalation and lost their husbands during the conflict and internal displacement period (1986-2006). Through loosely applying the capability approach and theoretical concepts surrounding it, a clearer picture is created explaining how the relationship between the actions and choices of these women helps them achieve a form of well-being which they deem relevant and important. According to Doss et al. (2012: 598), “land is the most important asset in rural Uganda. Land rights and ownership are embedded deeply in social norms and customary law, including those related to marriage and inheritanceÀ. Consequentially, the systems which dictate land rights and ownership fell under immense pressure as the conflict ruptured both cultural practices and family units. This puts women, along with children, the disabled and the elderly at risk as they find themselves in vulnerable and unsecure positions within society. For women, this is especially precarious as “womenÀŸs land rightsÀŸ vulnerability under custom is exacerbated by the inherent fact of womenÀŸs transience: women move from their maiden families to their marital homes (or cohabiting homes) and sometimes back again to their maiden homes. … Should her husband or in-laws become unsupportive, she will lack the protection she needs to claim her property rightsÀ (Adoko et al. 2011: 3). Widows tend to find themselves in this position when social systems become challenged in the aftermath of conflict, and understanding the dynamics of women and land access in a post conflict setting is crucial not only to interpreting potential role renegotiation and livelihood activities which lead to perceived successes, it is also pertinent for the understanding of the land and livelihood insecurities of the region on a larger scale.

The gender dimensions of land reform in South Africa : a case study of Daggakraal rural housing and resettlement project

This study is about the gender dimensions of land reform in South Africa. The case study is that of a housing and resettlement project in Daggakraal, Mpumalanga Province. The aim of the study was to describe and analyse empirical realities for rural women, in relation to land, in Daggakraal. The focus was on the research questions for the study namely the nature of land reform practice; whether gender issues were central in land reform at all stages of the project; whether or not participation of women was truly genuine; and the constraints that were faced in the process of land reform delivery. The study was conducted in Daggakraal, a rural town in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Research methods employed were both quantitative and qualitative with more emphasis on the latter. A total of 100 respondents participated in the study. This number included 10 key informants 3 of whom were trained as research assistants.
The findings indicate that there was very little gender analysis carried out prior to land reform. For this reason land reform has not benefitted the women and men of Daggakraal. Land reform policies and other legislation put in place were not followed to the letter in Daggakraal and in other areas of the country where land reform was implemented; the first land reform (SLAG) has not benefitted the poor, especially women; the rural terrain is an area of contestation and competing interests between women and men. There is also a lack of institutional arrangements to implement a gendered approach to land reform. This study demonstrates the need to tackle and transform the existing power relations at the household level, if government is serious about the gender dimension of land reform in South Africa. In a small way it is hoped that this study will contribute to the limited writing on land reform and gender and also provide a gendered critique of the land reform programme in South Africa. The Gender Analysis Framework (GAF) and the feminist and gender perspectives have helped the researcher to understand and explain the gender dynamics in Daggakraal.