Migration

Stop Human Trafficking

Stop Human Trafficking

By Fanuel Hadzizi Gender Based Violence and human trafficking are related issues that affect a number of   women and children in Southern Africa . According to research carried out in the region women and children are exploited as sex slaves by pimps and the cases are quite prevalent in border towns surrounding  South Africa  where […]

The gendered nature of xenophobia in South Africa

Migrants and refugees are, by their very status as foreigners, vulnerable to violence. Violence against foreigners and violence against women are normalised ways in which South African society interacts with minority and vulnerable groups. Foreign women in South Africa, therefore, face a double jeopardy. They are at the intersection of these two groups that are […]

Migration and body politics: a study of migrant women workers in Belleville, Cape Town

Migration has become very prominent in South Africa, and unlike most countries on the continent, it is an extremely prominent destinations for migrants. The country attracts migrants because there is a common perception that there are better economic opportunities, jobs and living conditions within South Africa. Countries like Zimbabwe, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, […]

Madagascar : Hommes et femmes, ensemble dans l’exode urbain

Madagascar : Hommes et femmes, ensemble dans l’exode urbain

Démarrer une nouvelle vie semble parfois impossible surtout quand on a perdu la majeure partie de ses biens. Des milliers de familles malgaches ont accepté de quitter la capitale Antananarivo pour rejoindre une “terre promise” dans l’optique de prendre un nouveau départ.

Femmes et migrations au Bénin: l’herbe est rarement plus verte ailleurs!

Femmes et migrations au Bénin: l’herbe est rarement plus verte ailleurs!

Cotonou: Elles sont en quête d’une dignité par le travail mais sont exposées Á  toutes sortes de violences. Les travailleuses migrantes sont plus que jamais vulnérables. Elles ne bénéficient d’aucune protection juridique. La fragilité est donc une évidence pour ces femmes de plus en plus présentes dans les mouvements migratoires au Bénin. La majorité des migrants béninois en provenance du sud sont de sexe féminin, soit 51.5%. En moyenne 27% de la population des femmes migrantes ont entre 20 Á  30 ans. Cela prouve bien que ce sont des jeunes qui migrent le plus.

Xenophobic exclusion and masculinities among Zimbabwean male migrants : the case of Cape Town and Stellenbosch

The anthropological investigation of masculinities remains an understudied dimension of transnational migration and xenophobia studies in post-apartheid South Africa. This thesis sets out to examine the interface between xenophobia, migrant experiences and masculinities among Zimbabwean male migrants in Cape Town and Stellenbosch. Drawing from the conceptual ideas of Critical Studies of Men (CSM) and on the basis of conversations with Zimbabwean male migrants in Cape Town and Stellenbosch, the thesis explores the relationship between the perceived threat of xenophobia and the production of enclaved, subaltern, troubled and aspirational masculinities. The thesis assesses how “xenophobia talkÀ among the Zimbabwean male migrants appears to produce socio-spatial separations with South African nationals. We see in the football-playing migrants in Stellenbosch an attempt to circumvent perceived exclusion by establishing enclaved male domains that assert their ‘authority’ as Zimbabwean men. The thesis therefore demonstrates the productivity of talk in the construction of xenophobia, male identities and identifications. There is literature suggesting that sections of South African nationals refer to African migrants derogatively as amakwerekwere. Conversely, evidence from Cape Town and Stellenbosch show how Zimbabwean male migrants openly talk about South Africans in equally adverse terms. This raises questions about the role migrants play in the production of reverse xenophobia and their contribution towards the perpetuation of processes of othering that transnational migration often engenders. The thesis draws the conclusion that the threat of xenophobia does not deter Zimbabwean male subjects from migrating to South Africa. However, it compels them to map South African urban spaces in very specific ways.

Malawi: les secours aux inondations doivent tenir compte du genre

Lilongwe, 5 février : Au cours du mois de janvier, le président Peter Mutharika a déclaré le Malawi zone sinistrée après que des inondations ont frappé 15 des 28 districts du pays, faisant plus de 200 morts ou portés disparus et déplaçant 174 000 personnes Á  travers le pays. Le département de gestion des désastres affirme que 638 000 personnes sont affectées alors que le rapport de la situation d’Oxfam indique que bien que les données ne soient pas décomposées par sexe, les femmes et les enfants sont affectés de façon disproportionnée par ces inondations. Dans tous les camps, les femmes et les filles dépassent les garçons et les hommes.

Partnership on HIV and AIDS and mobile populations in Southern Africa (PHAMSA)

This booklet contains information about the lessons learned in piloting the SADC/EU regional HIV initiative. SADC sought to strengthen the regional response to HIV and AIDs through a project entitled: “Regional support for an expanded multi-sectorial response to HIV and AIDS in the SADC regionÀ. SADC identified projects that added value to regional efforts to combat HIV and AIDS. One of these was the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) carrying out a project called “partnership on mobile populations and HIV and AIDS in Southern AfricaÀ. This publication examines the objectives and the lessons learnt from this project.

December 23, 2014 Themes: HIV/AIDS | Migration Programs: Booklet | Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC)

Moçambique: Um Corredor de TrÁ¡fico de Seres Humanos

Moçambique: Um Corredor de TrÁ¡fico de Seres Humanos

Maputo, 9 de Dezembro: O trÁ¡fico de seres humanos em Moçambique estÁ¡ a atingir nÁ­veis alarmantes e tem nas pessoas do sexo feminino, o seu principal grupo alvo.
O negócio de seres humanos, no PaÁ­s, é visto como altamente lucrativo, devido Á s fragilidades de segurança nos postos fronteiriços, aos elevados Á­ndices de pobreza e ao baixo nÁ­vel de instrução das vÁ­timas preferenciais dos criminosos.
A organização mundial de migração e o departamento de migração dos Estados Unidos da América, num relatório conjunto, divulgado o ano passado, jÁ¡ colocavam Moçambique como ponto de trânsito e destino de homens, mulheres e crianças sujeitos ao trabalho forçado e Á  exploração sexual.
A Organização Mundial de Migração considera ainda que o facto de Moçambique partilhar fronteiras com muitos paÁ­ses da região austral, tornam o paÁ­s altamente vulnerÁ¡vel Á s migraçÁµes irregulares e descontroladas.

Migration, gender and sexually transmitted infections among young adults in Lesotho

This report examined the association and relationship between Migration, Gender and STIs among young adults in Lesotho. To achieve this, the first objective was to understand the historical trans-boundary relationship between Lesotho and South Africa and how it contributed to STIs among young adults in Lesotho. The report then described the relationship between migration and having had any STIs among young adults in Lesotho. After multivariate analysis the association, between gender and having had any STIs among young adults in Lesotho was explored for understanding. Methodology For data analysis, secondary data from the 2009 Lesotho Demographic Health Survey (LDHS) were used. The LDHS is a cross-sectional study, designed to provide estimates of health and demographic indicators at the national level, for urban-rural areas and for each of the ten districts in Lesotho. The sample size used for this report was N=6,270. The statistical methods employed for data analysis were descriptive analysis, to establish the distribution of young adult migrant groups, according to STIs, demographic, socioeconomic and sexual practices. A Chi-square test was done to test for association. And a multivariate analysis was done using the forward selection process, to examine the relationships between STIs, migration, gender and significant variables. Results Migration status was found to have an insignificant (p=0.237) association with STIs. On the other hand, after considering migration status and gender at multivariate level, migration status, specifically urban-non migrants, were found to have a significant (p<0.05) relationship with having had any STIs. Gender was found to have an insignificant (p=0.587) association with having had any STIs and an insignificant (p=0.365) relationship with having had any STIs. However at multivariate level being female was found to be 16% protective against having had any STIs. Conclusion The report found that the relationships between migration status and having had any STIs were closely linked to factors related to gender and social and cultural norms pertaining to sexual behaviour. These influences were reflected in the literature and empirical evidence of this research report.