Women of Vietnam review

This issue covers Vietnam’s growing gender imbalance, a partnership for women’s development, child trafficking and reproductive health care for working women.

Human Trafficking: narratives of non-governmental organisation caregivers in the Eastern Cape

Human trafficking is a social problem that has left no state or country immune to its effects. Literature indicates that human trafficking causes economic social and physical disruptions. Families are left broken and communities divided and children left homeless. Its victims are mostly women and children who come from low socio-economic status. Studies have been conducted on the roles of Non-Governmental Organisation`s across the globe but reports on the roles of NGOs in the Eastern Cape are unknown. This study reports on the roles of Non-Governmental Organisation`s (caregivers) in the Eastern Cape. This investigation is an exploratory qualitative study. A purposeful sampling strategy was used to recruit the Non-governmental organization (caregivers). In depth open ended interviews were conducted. The theories of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) and socio-ecological theory were used to discuss the findings of the study. The findings of the study were categorized into four main themes including; knowledge of human trafficking, causes of human trafficking, roles of non-governmental organization (caregivers) in the Eastern Cape and strategies available in the Eastern Cape Province. The findings showed that human trafficking is present in the Eastern Cape. Abused and neglected children are more likely to become potential victims of human trafficking. The caregivers play a huge vital role in the fight against human trafficking. Lastly, the strategies implemented are not as effective as they would have been if adequate legislation was passed against human trafficking.

Afrique australe: il est temps d’agir pour mettre fin Á  la VBG!

Afrique australe: il est temps d’agir pour mettre fin Á  la VBG!

Johannesburg, 25 novembre : J’ai récemment participé Á  une réunion sur la violence basée sur le genre (VBG) Á  l’invitation de la United Nations Economic Commission on Africa en Zambie au cours de laquelle j’ai présenté les résultats de l’étude de Gender Links (GL) sur la violence envers les femmes. J’ai écouté les commentaires de l’audience avec une inquiétude grandissante. Un participant n’arrêtait pas de faire des allusions Á  propos de la violence vécue par les hommes entre les mains de leurs femmes. Regardons les choses en face : cette question de violence basée sur le genre est avant tout une de proportion et de besoin. Le temps du politiquement correct et des discussions interminables sur la façon de traiter la VBG est révolu.

Trafficking of Children: The Case of South Africa

The trafficking of children, with the purpose of sexual exploitation, has attained significant attention in the international realm. At present, childrenÀŸs human rights are protected by a number of international treaties adopted by the United Nations, which are also ratified by many states. These treaties have a norm setting function which influences domestic laws in the countries that have ratified them. The Àž1989 Convention on the Rights of the ChildÀŸ, the ÀžProtocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized CrimeÀŸ together with the Àž2002 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child PornographyÀŸ are important treaties with norm setting functions. These treaties influence international attitudes and policy measures concerning child trafficking. South Africa, the focus of this study, is in the process of creating a comprehensive legislative framework with the aim to protect children and combat child trafficking. Thus, this thesis examines how international treaties have impacted on South AfricaÀŸs domestic legislation with regards to child trafficking. The influence of international treaties and norms on domestic policy and norms regarding child trafficking is illuminated in this study. This analysis builds on a model put forward by Sikkink and Finnemore (1998) of how norms are created by norm entrepreneurs. The assumption is that norms develop in phases through different platforms of organizations and states and these norms eventually become the status quo. This study provides an overview of international and domestic law pertaining to child trafficking as well as a theoretical discussion on the evolution of these norms. A theoretical framework of constructivism and to a lesser extent institutionalism is applied as an analytical tool in order to critically analyse the influence of international treaties on domestic policies in South Africa.

Investigation and prosecution of transnational women trafficking: the case of Ethiopia

Human trafficking is a widespread and growing crime in the world. Trafficking by its nature involves movement from one place to another and in most cases, it comprises crossing international borders. Although the estimation of victims of trafficking stretches to 2 450 000, the number of prosecutions is less than 5 000. This indicates the challenges faced by many countries in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases. Transnational human trafficking is committed in different places, making investigation and prosecution very complex. This paper examines how investigation and prosecution can be carried out when the criminal acts are committed in different countries. It also examines how the issue of jurisdiction is entertained. Furthermore, it addresses who can be termed as “traffickersÀ in dealing with human trafficking issues. Ethiopia is facing a big problem in fighting human trafficking. Like most countries, the issue of human trafficking is closely related to women. Ethiopia uses the criminal justice system as a tool to eradicate women trafficking. The investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases face many problems which have a direct impact on the countryÀŸs efforts to overcome human trafficking. Thus, this research will contribute significantly by highlighting deficits in the criminal justice system as it deals with the investigation and prosecution of women trafficking issues and by making recommendations with regards to them.

RDC : Mise sur pied prochaine d’une unité spéciale pour protéger les femmes et les enfants

Le projet de création, au sein de la police nationale congolaise, d’une unité spéciale chargée de la protection de l’enfant et de la femme, ainsi que l’organisation du transport public des écoliers et élèves de la capitale par le gouvernement et ce par le biais de bus appartenant Á  de nouvelles sociétés étatiques, sont des initiatives saluées par la population de Kinshasa, capitale de la République Démocratique du Congo (RDC).

The African Women’s Journal: le Journal des Femmes Africaines

A biannual journal of the African Women’s Development and Communication Network (Femnet). The theme of this issue is women and men speaking out and acting on ending gender-based violence in Africa. Un journal semestriel du reseau de developpement at de communication des femmes Africaines. Theme: Les Femmes et les Hommes s’expriment et Agissent pour Mettre Fin a la Violence Basee sur le Genre en Afrique. The journal encourages readers to speak out and take action to end all forms of violence in relationships, families, communities and societies. The articles cover safe houses in Ethiopia, human trafficking in Kenya and why survivors of gender-based violence withdraw cases.

Malawi: Child labour and child marriage perpetuate gender inequality

Blantyre, 12 June: “My mother forced me into early marriage. She did it so my husband could help her with salt and sugar. During the marriage, my husband frequently beat me. My mother always said I had to get used to that pain because that’s what marriage means,À recalls 15-year-old Lucy.*

Lucy’s husband not only abused her, but also forced her into agricultural labour. ÀMy husband was forcing me to do work on farms to raise money for the family. Every day I spent the whole day at the farm working,À laments Lucy.

Lucy’s experience not only highlights the widespread cases of child marriage in Malawi, but also the on-going problem of child labour. These two practices are, in some cases mutually reinforcing and disempower women and girls in similar ways, by denying children an education and creating a vicious cycle of inequality.

Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is an international problem that has region- and country-specific ramifications, including within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Every day, criminals recruit and kidnap women, men and children and transport them across borders.

April 9, 2013 Themes: Trafficking Programs: Gender Justice

CSW 57: 67 years on and the struggle continues

CSW 57: 67 years on and the struggle continues

New York, 5 March: In 1949, Simone de Beauvoir wrote in her book The Second Sex, “A man would never set out to write a book on the peculiar situation of the human maleÀ. Likewise, a man would never set out to attend an annual commission on the status of men. Instead, almost every year since its birth in 1946, women from all parts of the world have been attending the United Nations Commission of the status of Women (CSW) to discuss their plight and to plan their continual fight for equality and justice. Today saw the start of the 57th session of CSW at the United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York.

As commendable and inspiring as this event is, it is simultaneously disillusioning knowing that 67 years later the discussions are much the same despite the small strides made across the globe in changing the lives of women. This event occurs within a context where all over the world, so many women are still victims of rape and gender based violence (GBV). Women are continually side-lined from politics and bear the brunt of economic and structural violence.